List of objects included in the map
Hazret Yerzhan Burial
Location: located in Tupkaragan district, Mangistau region, 30 km to the north-east of Tauchik village.
Coordinates: N 44°26' 16.74" , E 51° 8' 8.46"
Description of the Monument: It is currently included in the list of national historical and cultural monuments of local value by Order no. 3 dated January 5, 2018 by Mangistau Regional Akimat. This memorial was included into the list of sacred objects as part of the project of regional importance Geography of Sacral Paces in Kazakhstan within the program 'Spiritual Renewal'.
Historical Data, Legends and Stories: An outstanding religious figure Yermuhamed Tolegenuly, religious name – Bektemis Yerzhan Khazret was born in 1887 in Kerel area currently Mangystau region. He received his primary education in the local school and enrolled in Bukhara madrasah 'Kokiltash', from which he graduated in 1926 as a teacher. From this year begins his educative activity in his native land. During the Soviet time he was subject to prosecution all the time. Four times in 1932, 1936, 1937 and 1941 he was convicted of anti-Soviet propaganda and religious activities. The last time he was sentenced to ten years in corrective labor colony, from where he was released under an amnesty but until the end of his life he was under an unspoken and semispoken supervision of special bodies. He did the only permitted religious activity – funeral rituals. He did not stop self-education, ordered many religious books. He often met with his followers under the guise of family ties or age veneration, these conversations took place in a secret location under the cover of night. He secretly prepared and distributed handwritten instruction, manuals on Islamic literacy and religious rites. He was deeply religious, with meek spirit, and at the same time intolerant to godlessness. Was very reticent, but when necessary, found surprisingly accurate expressions. He adhered strictly to prescriptions of the Holy Koran and instructions of his teachers. For example, he honored and implemented the Naqshbandi principles – presence in his own family, constant thoughts about the motherland; he taught for the sake of peaceful and creative life to be friends with neighboring peoples. When in the age of eighty years old he died, Caucasus natives who lived in Mangistau and came to his funeral were given the honor of carrying out the body to the place of burial. His lifestyle and his sayings have become a standard of learning, honesty, and divine righteousness for Mangistau residents. In older years khazret settled near the cave Sufi lodging Shakpak Ata. The logging is in the broad valley framed by rocky mountains bordering the Caspian sea. Since ancient times people were drawn to this area with a special local climate; archaeologists found the most ancient settlement of the Neanderthals here; they knew how to handle local light stone and fabricate tools out of it. This lodging was built in an ancient sacred place; similar caves surveyed by archaeologists are located in the neighboring southern republics and date back to 5-4th centuries BC. The lodging was built during the time of the Golden Horde, i.e. in the 11-14th centuries, presumably by Naqshbandiyah of local Sufies. The lodging is surrounded with distinctive landscape with harsh but unique and attractive beauty. Paths through the rocks, gorges with tamarisk thickets incline to solitude, merging to nature and ancient world, thinking about the fate of an individual, his place in the environment.
Source: Data of the local historian A. Yedilkhan.
Shopan Ata Necropolis and Underground Mosque
The mosque consists of 12 rooms connected with each other. Each room has its function. For example, a room for religious rituals, others are for education, and rooms for household needs. The central room is a rectangular hall with dimensions 7,1x5,1 m ...
Shakpak Ata Necropolis and Underground Mosque (14th–19th centuries)
Shakpak Ata mosque is the only monument in the Aral-Caspian region, on the walls of which there are inscriptions and drawings. ...
The earliest structures here date back to the second half of the 17th c. The necropolis was developed in time and space in a circle, i.e. the most ancient constructions remained in the center. Out of the two extant domed mausoleums, the structure in the southern part of the necropolis is of particular interest. ...
Becket-Ata Underground Mosque in Tobykty
The mosque is located in the outcrops of the Cretaceous rocks, rising to the height of 10 m. There are two small interconnected rooms. The original appearance of the mosque is well preserved. ...
Temir Baba Mausoleum
In the necropolis 200 objects of different types are marked. The sites are represented by round and sub-rectangular stone fences constructed with horizontal masonry technique, stelae of rough stones installed next to them, koitasses, syndyktasses and kulpytasses. ...
Memorial of T. G. Shevchenko (1847-1857) (1932)
In his paintings Tarass Shevchenko showed ethnographic details of the local Kazakhs and the nature of this land. He planted the first tree on the Mangyshlak Peninsula. ...