Places

List of objects included in the map

Korkembai-akhun Mosque

Location: located in Beyneu district of Mangistau region, 40 km to the south-west from Beyneu village. 

Coordinates: N 45°1' 34.54" , E 54°59' 27.37"  

Description of the Monument: Identified by expedition of the Kazakhstani Institute for Cultural Heritage of Nomads under the leadership of A. M. Kogalbayeva  (1992). Necropolis was first taken under the state protection by Decision of the Akim no. 362 dated 07.01.1993. By resolution of Akimat of Mangystau region no. 279 dated July 28, 2010 the monument was included in the governmental list of historical and cultural monuments of local value. Korkembai mosque is an architectural masterpiece and a gem of civil construction in the 19th century In Mangystau region. The mosque was built by order of the local rich man of Adai clan, Akbota-Zhemenei subclan. It is a rectangular building with 22 rooms, no basement, single-stage base and 28 different domes. The mosque was built of mud brick, the outer side of the walls is covered with limestone, the interior walls are plastered. In the center of the building there are 4 large rooms; on the perimeter there is a succession of rooms with archways and domed ceiling. Domes of the central halls are based on columns with square cross-section. At the corners of the facades and walls there are (2) pilasters. Doorways are arranged on the main east and west facades, in the walls there are window openings. In 1991 restoration works of destroyed sections of the walls, domes were carried out; a fence of limestone with sand-cement slurry is made. Near the mosque there are 3 wells, one of them with fresh water and two others for the cattle. In 2007 two domes in the rooms located along the perimeter of the building were destroyed.

Historical Data, Legends and Stories: People knew Korkembai as a religiously educated person who preach Islam. Before 1928 Korkembai mosque was an educational center and was used as a madrasah, many children of the people learned and acquired the knowledge here. In the mosque lessons were taught by such famous akhuns and imams like Abdullah-khazret, Shaudyr-ishan, Karakalpak Matkarim and others. Bekturlyuly Korkembai-akhun was persecuted by bolsheviks who fired all the teachers, shut down the mosque, and the akhun moved to Tajikistan. Details of his death and place of burial are not available.

Sources:

  1. 'Beyneu' - Almaty, 2002;
  2. 'Beckett Atany Spili Zholy' Mr. Abdrakhmanov  - Almaty, 2010;
  3. Archives of Mangistau National Historical and Cultural Reserve;
  4. Archives of 'Kazproektrestavratsiya' Institute of the Ministry of Culture of the Kazakh SSR, 1990. 


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