List of objects included in the map
Petroglyphs on the Airakty Mountain
Location: located in Mangistau district of Mangistau region, 18 km to the north from Shetpe village.
Coordinates: N 44°14' 49.11" , E 52° 6' 25.04"
Description of the Monument: Researched by A. G. Medoyev in the 60s 20th century. Scientist A. G. Medoyev studied rock paintings in Airakty mountains in 1979 and published his work 'Rock Paintings' in 'Zhalyn' publishing house in Almaty. The monument was first included in the governmental records by Resolution of Mangystau Akimat no. 264 dated 25.12.2002. It is currently included in the list of national historical and cultural monuments of local value by Order no. 279 dated July 28, 2010 by Mangystau Regional Akimat . The only mountain chain crosses this region between the Caspian and the Aral seas and the Ural river. It is Mugadzhary. Starting from Ustyurt, it runs to the north-west to the Ural mountains, separated from them with still large steppe area. The center of these mountains, closer to Ustyurt is called Zhalgan-Tau. The spur, the most prominent in the steppe as an outpost, is the Karatau, and their top is called Airakty. Images are depicted in the eastern and southeastern sectors of the Cretaceous deposits located on the eastern side of the plateau-like limestone mountain Airakty. On the stones animals are drawn: camel, horse, mountain goat, horsemen and stylized images reflecting religious views. The absolute height of the mountain reaches 148 meters.
Historical Data, Legends and Stories: Small residual mountains known among the local population under the name Airakty. Airakty mountains look like fairy castles with spires, towers, colonnades and walls. Wild, winding path on one of the mountains, made by semi-wild horses leads to a small observation spot. It offers panoramic views of the distant Aktau mountains and all the Airakty castles. During wet spring the valley is covered with small but sweet-scented Sughd tulips. Along the sides of Airakty mountains on the blocks of chalk incised drawings can be seen called by researcher A. G. Medoyev 'Steppe Symphony'.
of Mangistau National Historical and Cultural Reserve, 2008;
- 'Life of the Kazakh Steppes' - Bronislaw
Zaleski, Paris, 1865; Almaty,
Hazret Yerzhan Burial
He did the only permitted religious activity – funeral rituals. He did not stop self-education, ordered many religious books. ...
Shopan Ata Necropolis and Underground Mosque
The mosque consists of 12 rooms connected with each other. Each room has its function. For example, a room for religious rituals, others are for education, and rooms for household needs. The central room is a rectangular hall with dimensions 7,1x5,1 m ...
Shakpak Ata Necropolis and Underground Mosque (14th–19th centuries)
Shakpak Ata mosque is the only monument in the Aral-Caspian region, on the walls of which there are inscriptions and drawings. ...
The earliest structures here date back to the second half of the 17th c. The necropolis was developed in time and space in a circle, i.e. the most ancient constructions remained in the center. Out of the two extant domed mausoleums, the structure in the southern part of the necropolis is of particular interest. ...
Becket-Ata Underground Mosque in Tobykty
The mosque is located in the outcrops of the Cretaceous rocks, rising to the height of 10 m. There are two small interconnected rooms. The original appearance of the mosque is well preserved. ...
Temir Baba Mausoleum
In the necropolis 200 objects of different types are marked. The sites are represented by round and sub-rectangular stone fences constructed with horizontal masonry technique, stelae of rough stones installed next to them, koitasses, syndyktasses and kulpytasses. ...
Memorial of T. G. Shevchenko (1847-1857) (1932)
In his paintings Tarass Shevchenko showed ethnographic details of the local Kazakhs and the nature of this land. He planted the first tree on the Mangyshlak Peninsula. ...